A recent article by Mike Reinold PT, ATC, Assistant Athletic Trainer for the Boston Red Sox, reviewed the best exercises that activate the shoulder muscles. The article, published in the February 2009 issue of the Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy provided a list of the recommended resistive exercises as well as the scientific rationale for each. Recommended for overhead athletes and those undergoing shoulder rehabilitation, the exercises can easily be performed with Thera-Band Tubing with Handles and the new Thera-Band Ankle and Wrist Weights.
Reinold MM, Escamilla RF, Wilk KE. Current concepts in the scientific and clinical rationale behind exercises for glenohumeral and scapulothoracic musculature. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2009 Feb;39(2):105-17.