Scapular position plays an important role in posture and movement, and is often thought to have a role in shoulder pain. A paper published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research reviewed the literature on determining scapular position, strength and flexibility. Exercise studies on improving scapular position were reviewed as well. The author of the review reported on 3 prospective intervention studies, 2 of which incorporated elastic resistance training and shoulder stretches. While 2 of the studies found improvements in scapular position, all studies had validity and reliability limitations. Thera-Band resistance products may help improve scapular position, but likely should be coupled with pectoralis minor stretching. More research is needed to establish the effectiveness of exercise programs for scapular position.
REFERENCE: Hrysomallis C. Effectiveness of strengthening and stretching exercises for the postural correction of abducted scapulae: a review. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Feb;24(2):567-74.