WOW! 25 new research articles in April pertaining to Performance Health products.

The highlights:

  • Shoulder exercises can be effective for impingement, and scapular pain, and rotator cuff tears (potentially avoiding surgery!), and kinesiology tape combined with exercise can be as effective as a corticosteroid injection!
  • Research on adolescent females shows exercise can help reduce anterior knee pain and potentially reduce ACL injuries
  • 11 new studies on kinesiology taping continue to show no improvement in balance, function or muscle activation in healthy subjects (so let’s please stop assessing kinesiology tape in healthy people and focus on patients!).
  • For those “cryotherapy haters” out there, baseball pitchers who ice their shoulders and arms between innings can preserve their velocity!

Check out all the new research articles added to the Academy database in April here!

Elastic Resistance

Effects of scapular stabilization exercise on pain related parameters in patients with scapulocostal syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. Buttagat V et al. 2016 J Bodyw Mov Ther. Jan;20(1):115-22.

A 4-week exercise program with elastic bands and stretching reduced pain in patients with scapular muscle pain

 

Exercise rehabilitation in the non-operative management of rotator cuff tears: a review of the literature. Edwards P et al. 2016. Int J Sports Phys Ther. Apr;11(2):279-301.

This article reviews the evidence for conservative management of rotator cuff tears and provides a rehab protocol including elastic resistance.

 

Evidence of altered corticomotor excitability following targeted activation of gluteus maximus training in healthy individuals. Fisher BE et al. Neuroreport. 2016 Apr 13;27(6):415-21.

A specific exercise targeting the gluteus maximus with an elastic looped band performed over 6 days changes motor patterns in the brain

 

Effects of massage combined with eccentric resistance on ankle flexiblity and balance in adults aged 50-60 years (Abstract). Forman J et al. 2016. J Bodywork Movement Ther 20(1):147

Combining massage with eccentric contraction using TheraBand resistance improves balance and ankle flexibility in older adults.

 

Effects of exercise therapy for the treatment of symptomatic full-thickness supraspinatus tears on in vivo glenohumeral kinematics. Miller RM et al. 2016. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 25(4):641-9.

Patients will full thickness tears of their rotator cuff (supraspinatus muscle, specifically) underwent a 12 week exercise program including elastic resistance. Patients showed improvements in patient-reported outcomes and shoulder strength.

 

Comparative effectiveness of ultrasonophoresis and iontophoresis in impingement syndrome: a double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial. García I, et al. Clin Rehabil. 2016 Apr;30(4):347-58.

An exercise program with TheraBand combined with phonophoresis was better than ex alone for shoulder impingement

 

Effect of exercise therapy on neuromuscular activity and knee strength in female adolescents with patellofemoral pain-An ancillary analysis of a cluster randomized trial. Rathleff et al. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2016 May;34:22-9.

Adolescent females with anterior knee pain had more improvement with exercise, patellar taping and patient education compared to education alone.

 

Enhanced Exercise Therapy in Parkinson’s disease: A comparative effectiveness trial. Ridgel AL et al. 2016. J Sci Med Sport. Jan;19(1):12-7.

An exercise program for Parkinson’s patients including elastic resistance increases physical activity after the program ends.

 

Comparison of Kinematics and Muscle Activation in Free-Weight Back Squat With and Without Elastic Bands. Saeterbakken AH et al. J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Apr;30(4):945-52.

Adding elastic resistance to heavy squat did not increase muscle activation (EMG)

 

Thera-band® elastic band tension: reference values for physical activity. Uchida MC, et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci.. 28:1266-71. 

 

Balance Training

Effects of evidence-based prevention training on neuromuscular and biomechanical risk factors for ACL injury in adolescent female athletes: a randomised controlled trial. Zebis MK et al. Br J Sports Med. 2016 May;50(9):552-7.

A 12-week neuromuscular training program with stability trainers and balance boards may provide protection against ACL injuries in adolescent female handball and soccer players.

 

Kinesiology tape

Elastic therapeutic tape: do they have the same material properties? Boonkerd C et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci.. 28:1303-6.

The authors reviewed the mechanical characteristics of different brands of kinesiology tape.

 

Kinesiology taping does not change fibularis longus latency time and postural sway. Correia C et al. 2016. J Bodyw Mov Ther. Jan;20(1):132-8.

Kinesiology tape on the fibularis longus muscle does not change balance or muscle onset timing in healthy subjects, regardless of the direction of application.

 

Effect of kinesio tape application on hemiplegic shoulder pain and motor ability: a pilot study. Kalichman L et al. 2016. Int J Rehabil Res. Apr 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Stroke survivors with hemiplegic shoulder pain had kinesiology tape applied for 24 hours; there was no significant change in pain, range of motion, or function.

 

Effects of Kinesio taping and Mcconnell taping on balance and walking speed of hemiplegia patients. Choi YK et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016. 28:1166-9.

Stroke survivors with lower extremity hemiplegia performed PNF exercises with kinesiology tape, rigid Mcconnell tape, or no tape for 8 weeks. Kinesiology tape had more beneficial effect compared to rigid tape and control on gait and balance.

 

Prolonged use of Kinesiotaping does not enhance functional performance and joint proprioception in healthy young males: Randomized controlled trial. Magalhaes I et al. 2016. March. Epub ahead of print. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/bjpt-rbf.2014.0151

48 hours of kinesiology tape application to rectus femoris does not enhance joint proprioception or functional performance in healthy subjects.

 

Efficacy of kinesio tape application on pain and muscle strength in patients with myofascial pain syndrome: a placebo-controlled trial. Ozturk et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28:1074-79.

Kinesiology tape reduced upper trapezius trigger point pain and strength compared to a ‘sham’ taping application in patients with myofascial pain syndrome over 3 days.

 

Effectiveness of Kinesiotaping and Subacromial Corticosteroid Injection in Shoulder Impingement Syndrome. Sahin-Onat S et al. 2016. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Apr 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Shoulder impingement patients wearing kinesiology tape for 4 weeks had similar improvements in pain, range of motion, and function, compared to those receiving a corticosteroid injection.

 

Effects of Kinesio taping on joint position sense of the ankle. Seo HD et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28:1158-60.

Kinesiology tape improved joint position sense (proprioception) in patients with a history of ankle sprains.

 

Immediate effects of kinematic taping on lower extremity muscle tone and stiffness in flexible flat feet. Wang JS et al. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28:1339-42.

Kinesiology tape applied to lower leg reduced plantar pressure during gait in subjects with ‘flexible flat feet.’

 

Influence of kinesio tape application direction on peak force of biceps brachii muscle: A repeated measurement study. Vered et al. 2016 J Bodyw Mov Ther. Jan;20(1):203-7

Direction of kinesiology tape application doesn’t influence muscle force in healthy subjects. Although statistically significant increases in muscle force were seen with ‘placebo’ tape placed horizontally, it was a mere 3% increase.

 

The immediate and long-term effects of kinesiotape® on balance and functional performance. Wilson V et al. 2016. Int J Sports Phys Ther. Apr;11(2):247-53.

Kinesiology tape applied to gastroc with 50% tension has no effect on balance or functional performance in healthy individuals compared to ‘sham’ tape applied without tension.

 

Stretch strap

Effects of a Novel Therapeutic Intervention in Patients With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy. Alshahrani A et al. 2016. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. May;97(5):733-8.

A novel manual approach using a stretch strap helped reduce symptoms of peripheral diabetic neuropathy.

 

Cryotherapy

The Effect of Intermittent Arm and Shoulder Cooling on Baseball Pitching Velocity. Bishop SH et al. 2016. J Strength Cond Res. Apr;30(4):1027-32.

Ice applied to shoulder and forearm of pitchers between innings pitched during a simulated game attenuated velocity lost without cooling, reduced perceived exertion, and facilitated subjective recovery.

Stop back every month for new research!

 

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