16 new research articles were added to the Academy in May pertaining to Performance Health products!
- Assessing Strength with TheraBand: Elastic resistance can be used to assess muscular strength as an alternative to expensive dynamometers; 2 studies found valid assessment measures in knee and shoulder strength testing with TheraBand.
- Therapeutic Taping Research: Another mixed bag of outcomes, including a study finding significant pain reduction in knee osteoarthritis patients, as well as a few on taping the foot.
- Patient populations: Taping and TheraBand exercise interventions chronic headaches, chronic ankle sprains, osteoarthritis, and cognitive impairment.
Check out all the new research articles added to the Academy database in May here!
TheraBand Strength Assessment
Nyberg A et al. Validity of using elastic bands to measure knee extension strength in older adults. J Nov Physiother Phys Rehabil 3(1):16-21.
Knee extension strength in older adults can be validly measured using TheraBand elastic resistance, serving as an alterative to strength assessment using expensive and bulky isokinetic machines.
Andersen LL, et al. Validity and reliability of elastic resistance bands for measuring shoulder muscle strength. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 May 17. (Ahead of print)
Featuring the TheraBand CLX, this TRAC research project demonstrated that TheraBand could be a valid and reliable instrument to measure shoulder strength in healthy adults.
Rigid Taping and Kinesiology Taping Research
Duruturk N et al. The Effects of Quadriceps Kinesio Taping on Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise Performance in Healthy Participants: A Randomized Controlled Study. 2016. Int J Athl Ther Train. 21(2):32-38.
Kinesiology tape applied to the quadriceps improved anaerobic (but not aerobic) exercise performance and athletic performance capacity in healthy subjects.
Choi JH et al. The effects of taping, stretching, and joint exercise on hip joint flexibility and range of motion. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28(5):1665-68.
Kinesiology tape does not provide additional benefit to exercise to improve hip range of motion in healthy subjects
Kim JY, et al. Effects of kinesio tape compared with non-elastic tape on hand grip strength. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28(5):1565-68.
Kinesiology tape applied over the wrist extensors significantly increased grip strength in healthy subjects, while rigid strapping tape did not increase strength.
Kaya Mutlu E et al. Does Kinesio Taping of the Knee Improve Pain and Functionality in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis?: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 May 4. [Epub ahead of print]
A randomized controlled trial found that kinesiology tape applied to the quadriceps of knee osteoarthritis patients can significantly reduce pain and improve flexion range of motion over a month compared to a placebo tape, but there is no improvement in strength
Kuni B et al. Effect of kinesiotaping, non-elastic taping and bracing on segmental foot kinematics during drop landing in healthy subjects and subjects with chronic ankle instability. Physiotherapy. 2015 [Epub ahead of print]
During a jump landing, rigid taping stabilizes the rearfoot and midfoot (reducing frontal plane motion) in patients with chronic ankle instability, while kinesiology taping does not influence foot kinematics; Both tapes reduce plantar flexion range of motion.
Aguilar MB, et al. Effectiveness of neuromuscular taping on pronated foot posture and walking plantar pressures in amateur runners. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Apr;19(4):348-53.
Kinesiology tape can improve a pronated foot in runners, but has no effect on foot pressure. In contrast, “sham” kinesiology tape (applied without tension) significantly increased plantar pressure time during gait.
TheraBand Exercise Programs for Patient Populations
Rinne M et al. Therapeutic Exercise Training to Reduce Chronic Headache in Working Women: Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Phys Ther. 2016 May;96(5):631-40.
This is a study protocol examining the effects of exercise including neck strengthening using TheraBand resistance on frequency, intensity, and duration of chronic headaches and migraines in working women.
Kim K, Jeon K. Development of an efficient rehabilitation exercise program for functional recovery in chronic ankle instability. 2016. J Phys Ther Sci. 28(5):1443-7.
A 12-week exercise program including elastic bands improved pain, range of motion, strength and function in soccer players with chronic ankle sprain (Note: There was no control or randomization in this study)
Chen MC, et al. Elastic Band Exercises Improved Activities of Daily Living and Functional Fitness of Wheelchair-bound Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 May 4. [Epub ahead of print]
In a randomized, controlled trial, a 6 month exercise program including elastic bands improved ADL and functional fitness in wheelchair-bound nursing home residents with dementia.
Bieler T, et al. In hip osteoarthritis, Nordic Walking is superior to strength training and home-based exercise for improving function. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print]
In a randomized controlled trial of hip osteoarthritis patients, Nordic walking was found to be better than strength training (including bands) over 12 months in function, physical activity, and mental health.
Allen KD et al. Group Versus Individual Physical Therapy for Veterans With Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Clinical Trial. Phys Ther. 2016 May;96(5):597-608.
Knee osteoarthritis patients can improve pain and function after either group-based or individual physical therapy including progressive elastic resistance strengthening .
Muscular Activation (EMG) During Exercise
Gurney AB et al. Shoulder Electromyography Measurements During Activities of Daily Living and Routine Rehabilitation Exercises. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 May;46(5):375-83.
Active-assisted shoulder pulley exercises activate rotator cuff muscles approximately 20% of maximum. Rotator cuff patients undergoing physical therapy after surgery should use pulleys in the sagittal plane before the frontal plane.
Cryotherapy Utilization Research
Hawkins S, Hawkins J. Clinical applications of cryotherapy among sports physical therapists. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Feb;11(1):141-8.
Hawkins J, Hawkins S. Clinical applications of therapeutic modalities among collegiate athletic trainers, Part I: Cryotherapy. 2016. Int J Athl Ther Train. 21(1):62-67.
These papers surveyed sports physical therapists and athletic trainers on the types of cryotherapy they use clinically (particularly for an ankle sprain), finding great variability.