26 new research references were added to the Academy in June. This month’s highlights include:
- The effect of kinesiology tape on strength (Spoiler: there is no effect)
- Rehab for hamstring tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinopathy
- Shoulder rehab with eccentric exercise, and shoulder exercise EMG studies
- TheraBand clinical studies with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, chronic stroke, and diabetes patients
- Balance and strength training in older adults for fall prevention
- Enhancing sport performance and preventing ankle sprains
Guedes R et al. The effects of Kinesiotaping on quadriceps muscle performance at different velocities: A randomized controlled trial. 2016. Isokinetic Ex Sci. 24:149-56.
Researchers found no increase in quadriceps strength in healthy subjects after applying kinesiology tape. Imagine that.
Magalhaes I et al. Kinesiotaping enhances the rate of force development but not the neuromuscular efficiency of physically active young men. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016 Jun;28:123-9.
Kinesiology tape applied to the gastrocnemius of healthy subjects for 48 hours slightly increased rate of force development, but not strength. In addition, there was no difference between applying tape in opposite directions.
Zhang et al. Acute effects of Kinesio taping on muscle strength and fatigue in the forearm of tennis players. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Jun;19(6):459-64.
Kinesiology tape applied to both flexors and extensors on the forearm of healthy tennis players reduced muscular fatigue, but did not change strength tested within 2 hours of taping
Lower Extremity Rehab
Kamonseki et al. Effect of stretching with and without muscle strengthening exercises for the foot and hip in patients with plantar fasciitis: A randomized controlled single-blind clinical trial. Man Ther. 2016 Jun;23:76-82.
Brazilian researchers compared 3 groups of patients with plantar fasciitis performing either stretching, foot & ankle strengthening with elastic resistance, or hip & foot strengthening with elastic resistance; they found each group improved equally in pain relief, function, and balance.
Goom TSH et al. Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy: Clinical Aspects of Assessment and Management. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Jun;46(6):483-93.
The authors describe the clinical management of proximal hamstring tendinopathy, including several exercises with elastic tubing.
McCormack JR et al. Eccentric Exercise Versus Eccentric Exercise and Soft Tissue Treatment (Astym) in the Management of Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 2016. Sports Health. 8:230-37.
A randomized controlled trial of patients with Achilles tendinopathy showed that adding instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization therapy to an eccentric exercise program led to significantly better outcomes in pain
Schory A et al. A systematic review of the exercises that produce optimal muscle ratios of the scapular stabilizers in normal shoulders. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Jun;11(3):321-36.
The authors completed a systematic review of exercises that provide optimal activation ratios of scapular stabilizer muscles, and provided recommendations for optimal exercise prescription
Castelein B et al. Scapulothoracic muscle activity during elevation exercises measured with surface and fine wire EMG: A comparative study between patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and healthy controls. Man Ther. 2016 Jun;23:33-9.
Researchers compared scapulothoracic muscle activity during several shoulder elevation exercises (including one with TheraBand resistance), noting higher pectoralis minor activation in patients with shoulder impingement compared to healthy subjects.
Lewis J. Rotator cuff related shoulder pain: Assessment, management and uncertainties. Man Ther. 2016 Jun;23:57-68.
This review of rotator cuff-related shoulder pain provides examples of exercises using elastic band loops and exercise balls, as well as a clinical model for managing pain from rotator cuff dysfunction.
Ortega-Catillo M et al. Effectiveness of the eccentric exercise therapy in physically active adults with symptomatic shoulder impingement or lateral epicondylar tendinopathy: A systematic review. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Jun;19(6):438-53.
This systematic review concluded that eccentric exercise (including the Tyler Twist with the TheraBand Flexbar) could reduce pain and improve strength, although comparison with other tendinopathy interventions is needed
Valier AR et al. The Impact of Adding an Eccentric-Exercise Component to the Rehabilitation Program of Patients With Shoulder Impingement: A Critically Appraised Topic. J Sport Rehabil. 2016 May;25(2):195-201.
This article reviews 3 previously published studies on shoulder impingement, suggesting eccentric exercises can be beneficial, but the specific dosage remains unknown.
Gross AR et al. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders: A Cochrane review update. Man Ther. 2016 Aug;24:25-45.
This systematic Cochrane review found specific strengthening exercises (Including TheraBand exercises) are beneficial for chronic neck pain and cervicogenic headaches.
Special populations & chronic disease
Vinstrup J et al. Electromyographic Comparison of Elastic Resistance and Machine Exercises for High-Intensity Strength Training in Patients With Chronic Stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Mar;97(3):429-36
Danish researchers found that TheraBand resistance exercises in stroke survivors produce lower muscle activation (EMG) than similar exercise performed on a weight machine; however, their perceived exertion was similar.
Chung CLH et al. Effectiveness of resistance training on muscle strength and physical function in people with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Rehabil. 2016 Jan;30(1):11-23.
This meta-analysis including studies using TheraBand resistance concluded that moderate intensity progressive resistance training can improve strength, balance, and motor symptoms in early to moderate PD.
Park BS et al. Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Training on Glucose Control, Body Composition, and Physical Function in Women With Short- vs. Long-Duration Type-2 Diabetes. J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Jun;30(6):1688-99
A 12 week TheraBand resistance training program for Korean women with Type 2 diabetes significantly improved glucose control, body composition, and physical function, regardless of the length of diagnosis (Short or long-standing disease)
Normann B et al. Group-based individualized core stability and balance training in ambulant people with multiple sclerosis: a pilot feasibility test–retest study. 2016. Eur J Physiother. 18(3):173-8.
A 5 week core strengthening program including an exercise ball was feasible in multiple sclerosis patients, and resulted in improved gait and balance.
Chen KM et al. Feasible modalities and long-term effects of elastic band exercises in nursing home older adults in wheelchairs: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2016 Mar;55:4-14.
In a randomized, controlled trial, a 12 month exercise program including elastic bands improved functional fitness in wheelchair-bound nursing home residents
Lacroix A et al. Effects of a Supervised versus an Unsupervised Combined Balance and Strength Training Program on Balance and Muscle Power in Healthy Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Gerontology. 2016;62(3):275-88.
Older adults performing 12 weeks of balance and strength training including TheraBand Stability Trainers and exercise balls improved balance and strength; furthermore, a supervised program was more effective than unsupervised.
Maritz & Silbernagel. A Prospective Cohort Study on the Effect of a Balance Training Program, Including Calf Muscle Strengthening, in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2016 Jul-Sep;39(3):125-31.
A 5 week balance training program for older adults improved function, balance and strength.
Yasuda T et al. Thigh muscle size and vascular function after blood flow-restricted elastic band training in older women. Oncotarget. 2016 May 23.
A 12-week low-intensity TheraBand resistance-training program with blood flow restriction significantly increased quadriceps muscle size and strength more than those training at higher resistances without blood flow restriction
Knapp KA. Self-Care Modalities: Improved Performance and Decreased Injury for Female Athletes. 2016. Strength Cond J. 38(2):70-78.
This practical article provides examples of exercises for mobility using elastic resistance bands for female athletes to reduce injury risk and improve performance
Contreras B et al. A Comparison of Gluteus Maximus, Biceps Femoris, and Vastus Lateralis Electromyography Amplitude for the Barbell, Band, and American Hip Thrust Variations. J Appl Biomech. 2016 Jun;32(3):254-60.
This EMG study found a “hip thrust” exercise with an elastic band has comparable muscle activation of the thigh as barbell-resisted weights, although the barbell thrust had higher activation of the upper gluteus maximus.
Prieske O et al. Neuromuscular and athletic performance following core strength training in elite youth soccer: Role of instability. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 Jan;26(1):48-56.
A 9-week core strengthening program added to regular in-season training that included TheraBand Stability Trainers and exercise balls improved strength, speed, and performance in young soccer players compared to players not performing the program.
Janssen KW et al. Interventions preventing ankle sprains; previous injury and high-risk sport participation as predictors of compliance. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Jun;19(6):465-9.
In a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial comparing bracing, neuromuscular exercise (balance board training) and a combination, the authors found that history of previous injury and participation in high-risk sports were predictors of compliance in the prevention program
Maeda N et al. Effect of Semi-Rigid and Soft Ankle Braces on Static and Dynamic Postural Stability in Young Male Adults. J Sports Sci Med. 2016 May 23;15(2):352-7.
A semi-rigid ankle brace provides better dynamic control than a soft ankle brace during a 1-leg landing task
Mason-Mackay AR et al. The effect of ankle bracing on landing biomechanics in female netballers. Phys Ther Sport. 2016 Jul;20:13-8.
The authors compared the biomechanics of jump landing in female netballers with and without lace-up ankle braces.