By Phil Page PhD, PT, ATC, CSCS, FACSM

There were 29 new articles were added to the Academy in August.

Neck

Satisfaction With the Outcome of Physical Therapist-Prescribed Exercise in Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Ardern C et al. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Aug;46(8):640-9.

Physical therapist- supervised, neck-specific exercises (including elastic resistance) performed at home for 3 months provided greater satisfaction and enablement in chronic whiplash patients after 12 months, compared to general physical activity.

One- and two-year follow-up of a randomized trial of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach compared with prescription of physical activity in chronic whiplash disorder. Ludvigsson ML et al. J Rehabil Med. 2016 Jan;48(1):56-64.

After 1-2 years, chronic whiplash patients participating in a neck-specific exercise program including elastic resistance retained more improvement than patients given a general physical activity program.

Shoulder

A literature review of studies evaluating rotator cuff activation during early rehabilitation exercises for post-op rotator cuff repair. Wells SN, et al. J Ex Phys. 2016. 19(3):70-99

This literature review evaluates exercises reported in the literature that activate the rotator cuff in healthy subjects.

Cervicothoracic Manual Therapy Plus Exercise Therapy Versus Exercise Therapy Alone in the Management of Individuals With Shoulder Pain: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Mintken P et al. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.  2016 Aug;46(8):617-28.

Adding cervicothoracic manual therapy to a physical therapist-prescribed exercise program including TheraBand resistance does not provide additional benefit in decreasing pain or disability.

Rehabilitation of subacromial pain syndrome emphasizing scapular dyskinesis in amateur athletes: a case series. Moura K et al. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016  Aug;11(4):552-63.

This case series presents 4 amateur athletes with improved scapular mechanics after an exercise program including elastic resistance.

EMG activity of the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles during the different phases of the push-up plus exercise on different support surfaces and different hand positions. Gioftsos G et al. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jul;28(7):2114-8.

This study examined the EMG activity of scapular muscles while performing a push-up plus exercise on a wobble board with different hand positions, compared to stable surfaces.

Lower Back

The effect of Graston technique on the pain and range of motion in patients with chronic low back pain. Lee J et al. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jun;28(6):1852-5.

This study compared 4 weeks of instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization (IASTM) and general exercise in patients with chronic low back pain

Effect of Kinesio Taping on Pain and Functional Disability in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain. Al-Shareef A et al. Spine. 2016; 41(14):E821-E828.

Patients with lower back pain significantly improved in pain, ROM, and disability after 2 weeks of kinesiology taping compared to sham (no tension); however, the improvements were not clinically significant.

Hip

A new clinical muscle function test for assessment of hip external rotation strength: augustsson strength test. Augustsson J. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Aug;11(4):520-6.

This paper describes a clinical test for assessing hip strength during the clam exercise with elastic resistance.

Non-operative management of femoroacetabular impingement: A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study. Wright AA et al. J Sci Med Sport. 2016. 19:716-21.

Therapeutic exercise with elastic resistance and exercise balls is as effective at home as compared to a supervised exercise program with manual therapy in patients with hip impingement (FAI). 

Knee

Exercise therapy versus arthoscopic partial meniscectomy for degenerative meniscal tear in middle aged patients: randomised controlled trial with two year follow-up. Kise N et al. BMJ, 2016; 354:i3740

This randomized controlled trial in patients with a degenerative knee meniscus tear found 12 weeks of therapeutic exercise (including elastic resistance and exercise balls) was as effective as arthroscopic surgery at 2 year follow-up.

New exercise-integrated technology can monitor the dosage and quality of exercise performed against an elastic resistance band by adolescents with patellofemoral pain: an observational study. Rathleff M et al. J Physiother. 2016. 62(3):159-63.

Researchers used the Bandcizer® device to monitor and quantify the exercise dosage of a TheraBand resistance training program in adolescents with patellofemoral pain.

Short-term effects of kinesio tape on joint position sense, isokinetic measurements, and clinical parameters in patellofemoral pain syndrome. Kurt E et al. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jul;28(7):2034-40.

In this randomized controlled trial of 90 patients with patellofemoral pain, 2 days of kinesiology taping significantly improved pain, proprioception (JPS), and daily limitations, compared to placebo taping.

Foot & Ankle

Impaired Foot Plantar Flexor Muscle Performance in Individuals With Plantar Heel Pain and Association With Foot Orthosis Use. McClinton S et al. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Aug;46(8):681-8.

A rocker board can be used as part of an evaluation of foot plantar flexor strength (The Rocker Board Plantar Flexion Test)

Specific and cross-over effects of foam rolling on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion. Kelly S et al. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Aug;11(4):544-51.

Foam rolling increases range of motion and flexibly in both limbs, supporting the concept of a ‘cross-over effect’ of myofascial rolling

Geriatrics/Chronic Disease

Resistance Training with Instability for Patients with Parkinson’s Disease . Silva-Batista C et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Sep;48(9):1678-87.

Adding standing on unstable surfaces (such as a Stability Disc) to a resistance training program for Parkinson’s patients significantly improves mobility (TUG) more than resistance training alone.

Novel physical activity interventions for older patients with prostate cancer on hormone therapy: A pilot randomized study. Sajid S et al. Journal of Geriatric Oncology. 2016 Aug; 7:71-80.

A 6 week home-based walking and exercise program using TheraBand resistance increased step count significantly more than a technology-based intervention in this pilot study of prostate cancer patients.

The effects of trunk stabilization exercise using a Swiss ball in the absence of visual stimulus on balance in the elderly. Kim M et al. J Phys Ther Sci.  2016 Jul;28(7):2144-7.

Older adults who performed trunk stabilization exercise on a TheraBand exercise ball had significantly better balance after 4 weeks if they trained with a blindfold compared to without.

Neuromuscular taping versus sham therapy on muscular strength and motor performance in multiple sclerosis patients. Constantino C et al. Disabil Rehabil. 2016;38(3):277-81.

This study compared the effects of kinesiology taping applied on the quadriceps of multiple sclerosis patients on walking and strength, finding significantly increased thigh strength compared to placebo tape.

Kinesiology taping as an adjunct for pain management in cancer? Banerjee G et al. BMJ Case Reports. 2016. doi:10.1136/bcr-2016-216439

This case study reported on a breast cancer patient who benefited from kinesiology tape for thoracic pain.

What is the effect of treating secondary lymphedema after breast cancer with complete decongestive physiotherapy when the bandage is replaced with Kinesio Textape? – A pilot study. Melgaard D et al. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2016 Aug;32(6):446-451.

A pilot randomized controlled trial of breast cancer patients with lymphedema found that complete decongestive physiotherapy (CDP) in combination with kinesiology tape was as effective than CDP with a bandage, and may be more beneficial in application.

Intradialytic Exercise is Medicine for Hemodialysis Patients. Parker K et al. Translational Journal of the ACSM, Aug 2016;1(10):90-96.

For patients undergoing hemodialysis, this review article recommends TheraBand resistance and provides guidelines for exercise prescription

Topicals

Topical menthol increases cutaneous blood flow. Craighead D et al. Microvasc Res. 2016 Sep;107:39-45.

Menthol increases cutaneous blood flow in a dose-dependent manner

Sports Therapy and Training

Utilization of Time Motion Analysis in the Development of Training Programs for Surfing Athletes. Redd MJ et al. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2016 38(4):1-8.

This article describes a training program including elastic resistance for surfers based on motion analysis and GPS data

Elastic Bands as a Component of Periodized Resistance Training. Joy JM et al. J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Aug;30(8):2100-6.

Adding elastic resistance equivalent to 30% of 1 RM during the squat or bench press once a week significantly improved strength and power in college basketball players significantly more than free weights alone.

Effects of Kinesio taping on scapular kinematics of overhead athletes following muscle fatigue. Zanca G et al. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016 Aug;29:113-20.

Healthy overhead athletes do not benefit from kinesiology taping of the scapular muscles to support scapular kinematics after muscle fatigue.

Integrative Neuromuscular Training in Youth Athletes. Part II: Strategies to Prevent Injuries and Improve Performance. Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe A et al. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2016 Aug;38(4):9-27.

This article describes implementing neuromuscular training, including exercise balls, into a prevention and performance exerciser program for young athletes.

The efficacy of blood flow restricted exercise: A systematic review & meta-analysis. Slysz J et al. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Aug;19(8):669-75

In this meta-analysis of 19 studies (including some using elastic resistance), blood-flow restriction training was found effective at increasing strength and muscle size at intensities as low as 20-50% 1RM; therefore, BFR training with lower loads may be used when traditional higher intensity training is not appropriate.

Effect of 3 Different Applications of Kinesio Taping Denko® on Electromyographic Activity: Inhibition or Facilitation of the Quadriceps of Males during Squat Exercise. Serrão J et al. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2016 Aug; 15:403-409.

In healthy subjects, kinesiology tape applied to the quadriceps does not change muscle activation during a squat compared to placebo tape.

 

 

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