24 new articles were added to the Academy in November:

Low back pain

M Mendis et al. Effect of motor control training on hip muscles in elite football players with and without low back pain. J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Nov;19(11):866-871.

Aussie football players performing lumbo-pelvic motor control exercises including TheraBand® resistance can reduce lower back pain and increase hip muscle size as well

 

T Elliott et al. The Effect of Sitting on Stability Balls on Nonspecific Lower Back Pain, Disability, and Core Endurance: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Study. Spine.  2016 Sep 15;41(18):E1074-80.

Subjects with lower back pain did not decrease their pain after 8 weeks of sitting on an exercise ball instead of a chair; however, they did increase core strength & endurance.

Hip

J Narveson et al. Management of a Patient With Acute Acetabular Labral Tear and Femoral Acetabular Impingement With Intra-articular Steroid Injection and a Neuromotor Training Program. Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Nov;46(11):965-975.

This case report describes an exercise program for a patient with a labral tear of the hip as well as hip impingement.

N Poquet et al. Exercise for Osteoarthritis of the Hip. Physical Therapy. 2016 Nov;96(11):1689-94.

This case report describes the use of TheraBand® resistance exercises for a patient with hip osteoarthritis.

Knee

C Bartholdy et al. A Standardized “Rescue” Exercise Program for Symptomatic Flare-up of Knee Osteoarthritis: Description and Safety Considerations. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Nov;46(11):942-946.

Knee osteoarthritis patients were given a set of ‘rescue exercises’ (including elastic bands and an exercise ball) to perform in case of pain exacerbation; the exercises reduced pain in 63% of those performing it (average 2.6 point reduction).

L Bogla et al. Pain, function, and strength outcomes for males and females with patellofemoral pain who participate in either a hip/core- or knee-based rehabilitation program. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Dec;11(6):926-935.

Patients with patellofemoral pain benefited from 6 weeks of either knee- or hip-focused exercise including TheraBand® resistance

C Thomson et al. The outcome of hip exercise in patellofemoral pain: A systematic review. Man Ther. 2016 Dec;26:1-30.

This comprehensive systematic review found hip strengthening and neuromuscular exercise can improve pain and function in patellofemoral pain patients; 75% of the included studies used elastic resistance.

D Edmonds et al. Biomechanical, neuromuscular and knee pain effects following therapeutic knee taping among patients with knee osteoarthritis during walking gait. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2016 Sep 13;39:38-43.

In this randomized, sham-controlled repeated measure study, rigid strapping tape reduced symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, but did not change gait biomechanics.

J Esculier et al. Effects of rehabilitation approaches for runners with patellofemoral pain: protocol of a randomised clinical trial addressing specific underlying mechanisms. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016; 17: 5.

This study protocol will examine the effectiveness of 3 different rehabilitation interventions in runners with patellofemoral pain.

Ankle

G Plaza-Manzano et al. Manual therapy in joint and nerve structures combined with exercises in the treatment of recurrent ankle sprains: A randomized, controlled trial. Man Ther. 2016 Dec;26:141-149.

Combining balance and strength training with manual therapy is more effective than manual therapy alone for improving strength and function in patients with chronic ankle sprains. 

R Brison et al. Effect of early supervised physiotherapy on recovery from acute ankle sprain: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2016 Nov; 355:i5650.

This large RCT found no benefit of physical therapy after acute Grade 1 or 2 ankle sprains compared to “usual care.” Among both groups, only 38-43% of subjects had ‘excellent’ recovery in 6 months.

Geriatric/Special Populations

P Rexer et al. Feasibility of an Exercise Program for Patients With Thrombocytopenia Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant. Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy. 2016 April;7(2):55-64.

This study reports on the feasibility of an exercise program including elastic resistance training for patients undergoing stem cell transplants

J Ellison et al. Short-Term Intensive Rehabilitation Induces Recovery of Physical Function After 7 Days of Bed Rest in Older Adults. Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy. 2016 Dec;7(4):156-163.

A 3-day rehab program including elastic resistance training led to recovered function following 7 days of bedrest in 7 healthy older adults.

C Sherrington et al. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations. N S W Public Health Bull. 2011 Jun;22(3-4):78-83.

Balance exercise programs reduce falls by 16% in older adults. Best practices include elastic resistance strengthening exercises.

C Sherrington et al. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2016. October. Ahead of Print.

Exercise reduces falls in community-dwelling older adults by 21%; however, there is no evidence that exercise alone reduces falls in residential care settings, or among stroke survivors, or people recently discharged from hospital.

B Schober-Halper et al. Elastic band resistance training influences transforming growth factor-ß receptor I mRNA expression in peripheral mononuclear cells of institutionalised older adults: the Vienna Active Ageing Study (VAAS). Immun Ageing. 2016 Jun 30;13:22.

A 6 month training program using elastic resistance bands in institutionalized older adults did not affect inflammatory markers, but potentially can stimulate factors associated with immunity

T Kas et al. The effect of extremity strength training on fibromyalgia symptoms and disease impact in an existing multidisciplinary treatment program. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Oct;20(4):774-783.

Adding resistance training to an existing multidisciplinary treatment for fibromyalgia patients resulted in better outcomes (FIQ), although not statistically significant.

Therapeutic Taping

S Lee et al. Effects of balance taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with moderate hallux valgus: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov; 95(46):1-3.

This case report showed improvement in hallux valgus with 3 months of kinesiology tape application

F Hashemirad et al. The effect of Kinesio taping technique on trigger points of the piriformis muscle. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Oct;20(4):807-814.

Kinesiology tape applied to patients with piriformis trigger point using an ‘unloading technique’ had improved pain and ROM up to 72 hours after application.

H Cha et al. Immediate effects of forearm elastic and nonelastic taping on wrist flexor muscle and grip strength of normal adults. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Oct;28(10):2769-2771.

Kinesiology tape applied to the forearm of healthy adults improved grip strength, while rigid tape applied in the same area did not.

S Tu et al. Does ‘Kinesio tape’ alter thoracolumbar fascia movement during lumbar flexion? An observational laboratory study. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Oct;20(4):898-905.

Movement of the subcutaneous tissue and thoracolumbar fascia are reduced during lumbar flexion with kinesiology tape applied to the lower back.

Roller Massage

M Cavanaugh et al. An acute session of roller massage prolongs voluntary torque development and diminishes evoked pain. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Nov 16.

Researchers investigated the pain relief mechanisms of the TheraBand® Roller Massager, finding neural mechanisms likely lead to reduced pain perception after Myofascial rolling.

Menthol

C Stevens et al. Menthol: A Fresh Ergogenic Aid for Athletic Performance. Sports Med. 2016 Ahead of Print.

This review concluded that menthol (topical or ingested) does not improve athletic performance, but may be beneficial at reducing DOMS and increasing associated deficits in range of movement.

Cryotherapy

M Schinsky et al.Multifaceted Comparison of Two Cryotherapy Devices Used After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Cryotherapy Device Comparison. Orthop Nurs. 2016 Sep-Oct;35(5):309-16.

A simple ice/gel compression wrap was as effective as a circulating cold water device at reducing pain and other outcomes after total knee replacement, with potentially less cost and greater satisfaction.

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