24 new articles were added to the Academy in December:

Hip/Knee/Ankle

Nyland et al. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, rehabilitation, and return to play: 2015 update. Open Access J Sports Med. 2016 Feb 24;7:21-32.

This review article discusses current concepts in ACL rehabilitation, including exercises with the TheraBand CLX.

 

Esculier JF et al. The Effects of a Multimodal Rehabilitation Program on Symptoms and Ground-Reaction Forces in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. J Sport Rehabil. 2016 Feb;25(1):23-30.

An 8-week exercise program including elastic resistance training reduced pain and improved function in runners with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

 

Logan et al. Post operative rehabilitation of grade III medial collateral ligament injuries: evidence based rehabilitation and return to play. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Dec; 11(7): 1177–1190.

This article provides a review and guidelines for rehabilitation of medial collateral ligament (MCL) tears in athletes.

 

McGovern et al. Managing ankle ligament sprains and tears: current opinion. Open Access J Sports Med. 2016 Mar 2;7:33-42.

This article reviews current concepts in managing ankle sprains, including tape.

 

Sampath et al. The effects of manual therapy or exercise therapy or both in people with hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Rehabil. 2016 Dec;30(12):1141-1155.

This meta-analysis found that exercise therapy provides short- and long-term improvement in function and pain in patients with hip osteoarthritis.

 

C Araujo et al. Mcconnell’s patellar taping does not alter knee and hip muscle activation differences during proprioceptive exercises: A randomized placebo-controlled trial in women with patellofemoral pain syndrome. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016 Dec;31:72-80.

Rigid taping of the patella does not alter activation of hip or knee muscles during balance training exercises in female patients with anterior knee pain.

 

Shoulder

Rawat et al. Effect of rotator cuff strengthening as an adjunct to standard care in subjects with adhesive capsulitis: A randomized controlled trial. J Hand Ther. 2016 Nov 21. pii: S0894-1130(16)30147-8.

Adding TheraBand exercises including the “Shoulder Sling” to strengthen the rotator cuff in adhesive capsulitis patients results in significantly more ROM and function, and less pain than joint mobilization and TENS alone.

 

McIntyre et al. Evidence-based conservative rehabilitation for posterior glenohumeral instability: A systematic review. Phys Ther Sport. 2016 Nov;22:94-100.

This systematic review suggested that rotator cuff and posterior deltoid strengthening may benefit posterior shoulder instability.

 

Geriatrics/Fall Prevention

Eriksen et al. Physical activity as intervention for age-related loss of muscle mass and function: protocol for a randomised controlled trial (the LISA study). BMJ Open. 2016 Dec;1-13.

This is a protocol for a large strengthening study in Danish older adults that will compare high intensity machine-based training to moderate intensity TheraBand-based training.

 

Mickle et al. Efficacy of a progressive resistance exercise program to increase toe flexor strength in older people. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2016 Dec;40:14-19.

A 12-week foot exercise program with elastic resistance improved single leg balance in older adults.

 

Kwak et al. Effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, mobility and gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in elderly people. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Nov;28(11):3189-3196.

8 weeks of elastic band training improves balance, gait, flexibility, and falls efficacy in older adults.

 

Eckardt. Lower-extremity resistance training on unstable surfaces improves proxies of muscle strength, power and balance in healthy older adults: a randomised control trial. BMC Geriatr. 2016 Nov 24;16(1):191.

Older adults performing resistance training on unstable surfaces for 10 weeks improved muscle strength, power and balance.

 

Cheung et al. Managing knee osteoarthritis with yoga or aerobic/strengthening exercise programs in older adults: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Rheumatol Int. 2016 Dec 2. [Epub ahead of print].

Older adults with knee osteoarthritis benefited more from 8 weeks of yoga than from aerobic/strengthening including elastic bands.

 

Chronic Disease/Special Populations

Ortiz-Rubio et al. Effects of a Home-Based Upper Limb Training Program in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Dec;97(12):2027-2033.

Patients with multiple sclerosis and impaired manual ability improved their arm function after 8 weeks of exercise including TheraBand elastic bands.

 

Kimmel et al. The role of exercise in cancer treatment: bridging the gap. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2014 Jul-Aug;13(4):246-52.

This review article describes how exercise including elastic bands and exercise balls can help cancer patients.

 

Kordi et al. The effect of strength training based on process approach intervention on balance of children with developmental coordination disorder. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2016 Dec 1;114(6):526-533.

In a 12-week randomized controlled trial, children 7-9 years old with developmental coordination disorder improved their leg strength and balance after a TheraBand strengthening program compared to a control group performing ‘routine’ exercises in PE class.

 

Park et al. Effects of proprioceptive sense-based Kinesio taping on walking imbalance. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Nov;28(11):3060-3062.

Stroke patients benefited from kinesiology tape application to upper and lower extremities during walking.

 

In T, et al. Treadmill training with Thera-Band improves motor function, gait and balance in stroke patients. NeuroRehabilitation. 2016 Oct 31. [Epub ahead of print]

Treadmill walking with TheraBand support around the hemiplegic leg improved motor function, gait and balance in stroke patients compared to treadmill training alone in this 4 week randomized controlled trial.

 

Exercise Prescription

Snarr et al. Electromyographic comparison of an abdominal pike performed with and without instability devices. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2016 Dec;30(12):3436-3442.

Researchers quantified the muscle activation of core, lower back and thigh muscles during a ‘pike’ position exercise with various labile surfaces including exercise balls, noting higher activation with unstable surfaces.

 

Freyler et al. Specific Stimuli Induce Specific Adaptations: Sensorimotor Training vs. Reactive Balance Training. PLoS One. 2016 Dec 2;11(12):e0167557.

Sensorimotor training using foam pads and air-filled discs activates distal muscles, while reactive balance training using perturbations activate proximal muscles; therefore, balance training is multi-segmental and specific to the surface.

 

Hammami et al. Sequencing Effects of Balance and Plyometric Training on Physical Performance in Youth Soccer Athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Dec;30(12):3278-3289.

Performing 4 weeks of balance training prior to 4 weeks of plyometric training provides similar or superior performance enhancement compared to plyometric-then-balance training in young soccer players.

 

Myofascial Therapies

Kalichman et al. Effect of self-myofascial release on myofascial pain, muscle flexibility, and strength: A narrative review. J Bodywork Movement Ther. 2016 Dec;1-6. (Ahead of Print)

The authors reviewed the effects of myofascial rolling (including research on the TheraBand Roller Massager), noting a lack of studies on myofascial pain, but research supports an increase in flexibility without affecting force production,

 

MacDonald et al. The Effects Of Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Lower Extremity Muscle Performance: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Dec;11(7):1040-1047.

Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) of calf or quadriceps does not improve vertical jump performance in healthy subjects.

 

Monteiro et al. Effect of different foam rolling volumes on knee extension fatigue. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Dec;11(7):1076-1081.

Foam rolling may lead to muscle fatigue, particularly if applied for more than 90 seconds.

 

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