Miss the first 55 research studies published in the first quarter of the year? Catch up here!

You just couldn’t get enough research, could you?! Don’t worry; we’re in the same boat. We thrive on the current, impactful research being published and we’re thrilled to bring you this installment of Research Roundup! In the second quarter of 2017, 93 new articles were added to the TheraBand Academy,  including 34 on therapeutic taping, 14 on myofascial interventions, 13 on special populations, and 32 in orthopedic populations. While brief summaries of the articles are provided below, readers are encouraged to review the full article to draw their own conclusions!

Here’s a breakdown of the research you’ll find below:

  • 34 Kinesiology taping and rigid taping
  • 10 Foam Roller/roller massage
  • 4 Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization
  • 4 Neurological rehab
  • 5 Arthritis
  • 4 Women’s health
  • 6 Hip/knee/ankle rehabilitation and exercise
  • 9 Shoulder rehabilitation and exercise
  • 3 Hand Therapy
  • 3 Neck/back rehabilitation
  • 11 Sports rehabilitation and performance

Kinesiology Taping and Rigid Taping

E Aghapour et al. Effects of Kinesio Taping® on knee function and pain in athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome. J Bodywork Movement Ther. 2017. In press.

Kinesiology tape applied to the quadriceps of 15 athletes with anterior knee pain acutely reduced knee pain and improved strength.

N Aminaka et al. The Effects of Kinesiology Tape on Shoulder Pain and Throwing Kinematics. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2017;9(1):25-32.

This randomized cross-over study comparing kinesiology tape with a sham condition found no difference in pain or throwing kinematics in shoulder pain patients.

N Aminaka et al. Kinesiology Tape does not Affect Serum Creatine Kinase Level and Quadriceps Activity during Recovery from Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness. Int J Kinesiol Sports Sci. 2017 Jan;5(1):17-25.

In this randomized, placebo-controlled trial, kinesiology taping to the quadriceps did not improve inflammatory markers, quadriceps EMG, or functional performance during DOMS recovery in healthy subjects.

A Apeldoorn et al. Rigid shoulder taping with physiotherapy in patients with subacromial pain syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. J Rehabil Med. 2017 Apr 6;49(4):347-353.

The addition of a rigid taping technique to physical therapy did not benefit outcomes in shoulder impingement patients compared to physical therapy alone. It’s important to note that the taping group received an acromioclavicular support taping technique and the PT-only group received kinesiology tape, potentially confounding these results.

S Ay et al. The effectiveness of Kinesio Taping on pain and disability in cervical myofascial pain syndrome. Rev Bras Reumatol Engl Ed. 2017 Mar – Apr;57(2):93-99.

This randomized placebo-controlled study found kinesiology tape applied for 15 days at 3 day intervals resulted in significantly less pain than sham tape, but no improvement in disability; however, effects on cervical range of motion were mixed

Y Bae et al. Spiral Taping Improves Performance on Star Excursion Balance Test in Individuals with Unilateral Chronic Ankle Instability. J Korean Phys Ther. 2016;28(6):376-380.

“Spiral taping,” a new method of therapeutic taping, had significant effects on improving balance immediately after application in chronic ankle instability patients un unstable (but not stable) surfaces.

H Baharlouei et al. Comparing the Immediate Effects of Kinesiotaping and Stretching of Gastrocnemius on Balance in Elderly. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, 2017; 27(149):99-110. (In Persian)

Kinesiology tape applied to the gastroc of older adults had no effect on static balance.

D Bailey et al. Does kinesiology taping of the ankles affect proprioceptive control in professional football (soccer) players? Phys Ther Sport. 2017 May;25:94-98.

Kinesiology tape applied to the foot and lower leg of professional soccer players did not improve balance control.

G Banerjee et al. Could kinesiology taping help mitigate pain, breathlessness and abdominal-related symptoms in cancer? BMJ, 2017;1-8.

This case study described the use of kinesiology tape in a cancer patient to assist with abdominal pain and breathlessness.

B Blickenstaff et al. The Immediate Effects of Kinesio Taping Versus Thoracic Manipulation in Subjects with Mechanical Neck Pain: A Pilot Study. Orthopaedic Prac, 2017;29(2):92-97.

This small pilot study of patients with mechanical neck pain suggested either thoracic manipulation or kinesiology taping combined with exercise can be more effective than exercise alone at reducing pain and increasing self-reported function.

M Chan et al. Does Kinesiology Taping Improve the Early Postoperative Outcomes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? A Randomized Controlled Study. Clin J Sport Med. 2017 May;27(3):260-265.

In this RCT, kinesiology tape applied for the first 2 weeks after ACL reconstruction reduced pain but had not effect on swelling or ROM.

A Cunha et al. Effects of elastic therapeutic taping on motor function in children with motor impairments: a systematic review. Disabil Rehabil. 2017 Mar 22:1-9.

This systematic review of kinesiology taping studies revealed some potential benefit in children with motor disorders (such as cerebral palsy), although the low quality and patient heterogeneity limit conclusions.

A El-Abd et al. Efficacy of kinesiology tape versus postural correction exercises on neck disability and axioscapular muscles fatigue in mechanical neck dysfunction: A randomized blinded clinical trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Apr;21(2):314-321.

A 4-week program of either kinesiology tape or postural exercises improved neck muscle fatigue in patients with mechanical neck pain. Patients receiving tape had significantly more reduction in self-reported disability than the exercise group.

S Funk et al. Effects of a paraspinal-lumbar tape application during 7 days on the perceived area of tape contact. Physical Therapy in Sport, 2017;25:89-93.

Researchers examined the perception of kinesiology tape adhesion in healthy subjects after a lumbar application. After 3 days, there was a significant perception of less tape contact up to day 7.

S Hosp et al. Eccentric Exercise, Kinesiology Tape, and Balance in Healthy Men. J Athl Train. 2017. 52(3):636-642

Kinesiology tape applied to the knees of healthy subjects helped minimize a reduction in muscle endurance and balance following 30 min of eccentric downhill walking, particularly in subjects with poor balance.

Y Huang et al. Effect of kinesiology taping on hemiplegic shoulder pain and functional outcomes in subacute stroke patients: a randomized controlled study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Dec;52(6):774-781.

In this RCT, kinesiology tape applied to the shoulder of subacute stroke patients reduced pain but did not improve function compared to sham tape over 3 weeks.

F Jassi et al. Effects of functional taping compared with sham taping and minimal intervention on pain intensity and static postural control for patients with non-specific chronic low back pain: a randomised clinical trial protocol. Physiotherapy. 2017 Jun;103(2):154-159.

This paper outlines the protocol for an upcoming study using kinesiology tape in patients with chronic lower back pain.

T Kim et al. Immediate Effects of Sports Taping Applied on the Lead Knee of Low- and High-Handicapped Golfers During Golf Swing. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Apr;31(4):981-989.

Applying kinesiology tape or rigid tape can significantly decrease varus force in the lead knee in elite golfers, which may benefit rehab & prevention.

H Knapman et al. The effect of elastic therapeutic taping on lumbar extensor isokinetic performance. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 May;25:9-14.

The authors reported a 10% increase in peak back extensor torque with kinesiology tape compared to no tape condition; however, this small increase was likely placebo effect.

B Koseoglu et al. Can kinesio tape be used as an ankle training method in the rehabilitation of the stroke patients? Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 May;27:46-51.

Kinesiology tape applied to the tibialis anterior muscle of stroke patients receiving therapy resulted in significantly more improvement in lower extremity function compared to a control group receiving PT only (Note: There was no placebo group)

S Lee et al. The immediate effects of ankle balance taping with kinesiology tape on ankle active range of motion and performance in the Balance Error Scoring System. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 May;25:99-105.

Kinesiology tape applied to the ankle improved acute balance on a foam surface, but not on a stable surface; in addition, kinesiology tape was no different than placebo taping.

J Lee. 2-dimensional analysis of low limb taping methods on ambulation for stroke patients. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jun;29(6):1098-1101.

The authors reported that kinesiology tape on the knee of stroke patients combined with PNF exercise over 8 weeks was more effective at improving gait patterns compared to PNF alone or in combination with a rigid taping technique.

H Leong et al. Effects of scapular taping on the activity onset of scapular muscles and the scapular kinematics in volleyball players with rotator cuff tendinopathy. J Sci Med Sport. 2017 Jun;20(6):555-560.

Rigid strapping tape applied to the scapula of volleyball players with rotator cuff tendinopathy significantly increased onset activation time of upper trap, middle trap, and serratus anterior, regardless of tension application. In addition, rigid tape slightly improved scapular kinematics.

C Lim. Short-term effect of spiral taping on the pain and walking performance of individuals with chronic ankle instability. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jun;29(6):1040-1042.

In this single group, non-controlled pre-post test, the authors reported improved pain and walking in patients with chronic ankle instability after “spiral tape” (a type of rigid taping) was applied to the ankle.

K Lyman et al. Investigating the effectiveness of kinesio® taping space correction method in healthy adults on patellofemoral joint and subcutaneous space. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Apr;12(2):250-257.

Kinesiology tape “space correction” does not “lift the skin” to increase subcutaneous space at the knee, but the authors noted a small but statistically significant increase in patellofemoral joint space of 0.1 mm (which is likely not clinically relevant).

J Ouyang et al. Non-elastic taping, but not elastic taping, provides benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis: systemic review and meta-analysis. Clin Rehabil. 2017 Jun 1:269215517717307.

This meta-analysis of therapeutic taping studies in knee osteoarthritis found that rigid taping was significantly better for pain relief than kinesiology taping. When data was combined, both types of tape reduced pain by 1.3/10 and improved walking function, but the taping did not improve muscle strength or quality of life.

A Reyhan et al. Low back pain during pregnancy and Kinesio tape application. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2017;30(3):609-613.

A substandard review of the literature noted few studies and no recommendations regarding the use of kinesiology tape for low back pain in pregnancy.

S Russo et al. Efficacy of 3 therapeutic taping configurations for children with brachial plexus birth palsy. J Hand Ther. 2017 Apr 25. pii: S0894-1130(17)30075-3.

This study evaluated 28 children with winging scapula since birth, comparing 3 different kinesiology tape patterns. The researchers found that taping the trapezius (upper and lower trapezius) was more effective than rhomboid taping at reducing scapular winging.

Y Shah et al. The acute effects of integrated myofascial techniques on lumbar paraspinal blood flow compared with kinesio-taping: A pilot study. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Apr 2017;21(2):459-467.

In healthy subjects, kinesiology tape applied to lumbar paraspinal muscles did not increase blood flow; however, myofascial massage did.

Y Shin et al. Immediate effect of ankle balance taping on dynamic and static balance of soccer players with acute ankle sprain. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Apr;29(4):622-624.

Kinesiology tape applied to the ankle of soccer players with acute ankle sprains significantly improved balance.

Y Shin et al. Immediate effects of ankle eversion taping on dynamic and static balance of chronic stroke patients with foot drop. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jun;29(6):1029-1031.

Kinesiology tape applied to the ankle of stroke patients with foot drop significantly improved static and dynamic balance compared to placebo tape.

J Szymura et al. Effects of kinesio taping on anaerobic power recovery after eccentric exercise. Research in Sports Med, 2016;24(3):242-253.

Kinesiology tape applied to the thigh and calf shortened anaerobic recovery time after eccentric exercise compared to rest.

A Yoosefinejad et al. Can inhibitory and facilitatory kinesiotaping techniques affect motor neuron excitability? A randomized cross-over trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Apr 2017;21(2):234-239.

Motor neuron excitability was not changed in healthy subjects regardless of the direction of kinesiology tape application.

K Yum et al. The effect of balance taping for prevention of menstrual pain in female middle school students. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 May;29(5):813-818.

The authors used a combination of elastic and non-elastic tape for “balance taping” technique for menstrual pain in adolescents, finding significantly less pain compared to those taking medication.

Foam Roller/Roller Massage

B Behara et al. Acute Effects of Deep Tissue Foam Rolling and Dynamic Stretching on Muscular Strength, Power, and Flexibility in Division I Linemen. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Apr;31(4):888-892.

Lower extremity foam rolling was as effective as dynamic stretching to increase hip ROM without affecting muscular strength and power; therefore, foam rolling or dynamic stretching may be preferred to static stretching.

S Cheatham et al. Comparison of video-guided, live instructed, and self-guided foam roll interventions on knee joint range of motion and pressure pain threshold: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Apr;12(2):242-249.

2 minutes of foam rolling of the quadriceps significantly increases knee ROM and decreases pain regardless of the type of instruction: live, video, or self-guided.

L Grabow et al. Higher quadriceps roller massage forces do not amplify range-of-motion increases or impair strength and jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2017. Ahead of print.

Quadriceps roller massage at different pain intensities (4,6,or 8/10) resulted in similar increases in knee ROM without impairing performance. Researchers concluded TheraBand roller massage doesn’t have to be painful to be effective.

L Grabow et al. Unilateral Rolling of the Foot did not Affect Non-Local Range of Motion or Balance. J Sports Sci Med. 2017 Jun 1;16(2):209-218.

Healthy subjects using the TheraBand foot roller for 3 minutes did not immediately improve ankle ROM or balance.

T Hotfiel et al. Acute Effects of Lateral Thigh Foam Rolling on Arterial Tissue Perfusion Determined by Spectral Doppler and Power Doppler Ultrasound. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Apr;31(4):893-900.

Foam rolling of the lateral thigh significantly increased arterial blood flow to the thigh up to 30 minutes after rolling; while increased blood flow may be beneficial for warm-up, foam rolling in active inflammation may be contraindicated.

L Kalichman et al. Effect of self-myofascial release on myofascial pain, muscle flexibility, and strength: A narrative review. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Apr;21(2):446-451.

The authors of this literature review on foam rolling reported there is research to support its use to increase ROM without affecting muscular strength; however, they did not find any articles on foam rolling to treat myofascial pain.

E Monteiro et al. Acute effects of different foam rolling volumes in the interest rest period on maximum repetition performance. Hong Kong Physio Journal. 2017;36:57-62.

The authors found that foam rolling performed between exercise sets resulted in more quadriceps fatigue than passive rest, and cautioned against performing foam rolling between strengthening exercise sets.

E Monteiro et al. Is self-massage an effective joint range-of-motion strategy? A pilot study. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Jan;21(1):223-226.

This study compared foam rolling to roller massage at different durations for hip ROM; the researchers reported that foam rolling was more effective and had a higher dose effect for hip ROM.

G Paz et al. Electromyographic Analysis of Muscles Activation during Sit-And-Reach Test Adopting Self-Myofascial Release with Foam Rolling Versus Traditional Warm Up. J Athl Enhanc, 2017;6(1):1-4.

Researchers found no difference in muscle activation levels or hamstring/lower back flexibility in healthy individuals after 3 minutes of foam rolling or 5 minutes cycle ergometry.

N Zorko et al. The acute effect of self-massage on the short-term recovery of muscle contractile function. Kinesologia Slovenica, 2016;22(3):31-40.

Researchers found little to no effect of foam rolling on neuromuscular recovery after knee extension exercise compared to passive rest.

Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization

Scifers JR. Instrument- Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care, 2017;9(2):49-52.

This clinical roundtable discusses the benefits and limitations of IASM from an athletic trainer perspective.

W Ge et al. A quasi-experimental study on the effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization on mechanosensitive neurons. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Apr;29(4):654-657.

This study investigated the mechanism behind IASTM in healthy subjects. The authors found improved 2-point discrimination but no change in pain threshold. They concluded that IASTM affects larger-diameter mechanosensitive neurons, rather than smaller diameter fibers.

J Moon et al. Immediate effects of Graston Technique on hamstring muscle extensibility and pain intensity in patients with nonspecific low back pain. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Feb;29(2):224-227.

IASTM to the hamstrings resulted in significantly more flexibility compared to static stretching in patients with lower back pain.

T Palmer et al. The Effect of Graston Massage Therapy on Talocrural Joint Range of Motion. International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training, 2017;22(3):66-75.

6 weeks of IASTM combined with TheraBand exercise and stretching was more effective at increasing ankle joint dorsiflexion than exercise alone in healthy track athletes; however both techniques were effective at increasing overall ankle ROM.

Neurological Rehabilitation  

R Cabanas-Valdes et al. Long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on additional core stability exercises training for improving dynamic sitting balance and trunk control in stroke patients. Clin Rehabil. 2017 Mar 1:269215517701804.

Stroke survivors adding core strengthening with an exercise ball maintained improvements in dynamic sitting, standing balance and gait at 3 months after the program.

K Ko et al. Effects of daily living occupational therapy and resistance exercise on the activities of daily living and muscular fitness in Guillain-Barré syndrome: a case study. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 May;29(5):950-953.

This case study describes rehabilitation of a patient with Guillain-Barre Syndrome, including the use of TheraBand resistance bands.

R Oliveria et al. Benefits of Exercise on the Executive Functions in People with Parkinson Disease: A Controlled Clinical Trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 May;96(5):301-306.

This small RCT found 6 months of exercise including elastic bands and balance boards improved some executive functions in patients with Parkinson’s Disease; furthermore, individualized therapy was better than group exercise.

C Silva-Batista et al. Instability Resistance Training Improves Neuromuscular Outcome in Parkinson’s Disease. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017;49(4):652-660.

Adding progressive instability (including stability trainers, balance boards, & exercise balls) to resistance training in Parkinson’s Disease patients improves neuromuscular outcomes compared to resistance training alone.

Arthritis

C Bartholdy et al. The role of muscle strengthening in exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomized trials. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2017 Mar 18. pii: S0049-0172(16)30172-X.

This systematic review of 45 studies on knee osteoarthritis strengthening (some including elastic resistance) found better strength outcomes in studies following ACSM guidelines for muscle strengthening. In addition, the researchers found at least 30% strength increases were necessary for improvements in pain and disability.

M Henriksen et al. No effects of functional exercise therapy on walking biomechanics in patients with knee osteoarthritis: exploratory outcome analyses from a randomised trial. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med, 2017;2:1-9.

A 12-week group exercise program including elastic resistance did not improve gait biomechanics in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Holsgaard-Larsen et al. The effect of instruction in analgesic use compared with neuromuscular exercise on knee-joint load in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, single-blind, controlled trial. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017 Apr;25(4):470-480.

An 8-week neuromuscular exercise program including elastic resistance and exercise balls did not reduce knee joint load in knee osteoarthritis patients compared to standard care.

H Osteras et al. Effects of medical exercise therapy in patients with hip osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial with six months follow-up. A pilot study. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Apr 2017;21(2):284-289.

This RCT with 6 month follow-up found both higher-dose and lower-dose exercise including elastic resistance for 2 months improved pain and function in hip osteoarthritis patients, although the authors acknowledged a small sample size.

R Riis et al. The effects of intra-articular glucocorticoids and exercise on pain and synovitis assessed on static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging in knee osteoarthritis: exploratory outcomes from a randomized controlled trial. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017 Apr;25(4):481-491.

A corticosteroid injection for knee osteoarthritis prior to a 12 week exercise program does not improve outcomes compared to placebo injections.

Women’s Health

S Celenay et al. Effects of spinal stabilization exercises in women with benign joint hypermobility syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Rheumatol Int. 2017 Mar 30.

An 8-week lumbar stabilization exercise program including TheraBand resistance bands decreased pain intensity, and improved postural stability and trunk muscle endurance in females with joint hypermobility syndrome.

C Liao et al. Effects of elastic resistance exercise on body composition and physical capacity in older women with sarcopenic obesity: A CONSORT-compliant prospective randomized controlled trial. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(23):e7115.

In this RCT, older women with sarcopenia and obesity significantly improved their body composition, muscle quality, and physical function; the authors suggested that TheraBand “should be used to attenuate muscle mass loss and prevent physical difficulty.”

N Sut et al. Effect of aromatherapy massage on pain in primary dysmenorrhea: A meta-analysis. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 May;27:5-10.

This meta-analysis of 6 RCTs reported that aromatherapy with essential oils had a large effect (-1) on reducing dysmenorrhea compared to massage with placebo oils.

N Yilmaz et al. The effects of local cold application on fibromyalgia pain. Int J Rheum Dis. 2017 Apr 17.1-6.

This pre-post assessment of fibromyalgia patients found a cold gel pack significantly decreased pain for 10 minutes; however, there was no placebo condition.

Hip/Knee/Ankle Rehabilitation and Exercise

P Carry et al. Postural stability and kinetic change in subjects with patellofemoral pain after a nine-week hip and core strengthening intervention. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Jun;12(3):314-323.

A 9-week physical therapy program including elastic resistance targeting the hip improved pain and balance in 7 adolescent females with anterior knee pain.

M Kim et al. The effects of open and closed kinetic chain exercises on the static and dynamic balance of the ankle joints in young healthy women. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 May;29(5):845-850.

Researchers evaluated the effectiveness of open chain ankle exercises (including TheraBand) and closed-chain exercises in healthy young females ;they found that closed chain exercise was more effective at improving dynamic balance, while either type of exercise improved static balance.

K Kosik et al. Comparison of Two Rehabilitation Protocols on Patient- and Disease-Oriented Outcomes in Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability. International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training, 2017 May;22(3):57-65.

A 4-week progressive exercise program including TheraBand resistance and balance boards was effective at improving balance and function in patients with chronic ankle instability; adding a squat or lunge exercise did not add benefit to the program.

I Schut et al. Compliant support surfaces affect sensory reweighting during balance control. Gait Posture. 2017 Mar;53:241-247.

The authors recommended use of progressive instability in different foam compliances to facilitate retraining of the sensorimotor system

M Reijen et al. The “Strengthen your ankle” program to prevent recurrent injuries: A randomized controlled trial aimed at long-term effectiveness. J Sci Med Sport. 2017 Jun;20(6):549-554.

At one year follow-up, an 8 week neuromuscular training program using balance boards was effective at reducing recurrent ankle sprains, and in improving pain and disability, regardless of the delivery mode—paper booklet or mobile app.

J Vinstrup et al. Electromyographic evaluation of high-intensity elastic resistance exercises for lower extremity muscles during bed rest. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2017 Jul;117(7):1329-1338

Researchers quantified lower extremity muscle activation during TheraBand CLX exercises in healthy patients during bed rest, finding high levels of activation particularly with TKE and prone knee flexion. In addition, the researchers found that adding kinesiology tape to exercise did not increase muscle activation.

Shoulder Rehabilitation/Exercise

B Dejaco et al. Eccentric versus conventional exercise therapy in patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy: a randomized, single blinded, clinical trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Jul;25(7):2051-2059.

This study compared 12 weeks of eccentric exercise to eccentric/concentric exercise (both using elastic resistance) in patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy. Both programs significantly improved pain, ROM, strength, and ADL. The authors noted that performing 2 eccentric exercises twice a day was as effective as performing 6 concentric/eccentric exercises once a day.

R Dickinson et al. A systematic review of cost-effective treatment of postoperative rotator cuff repairs. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2017 May;26(5):915-922.

This systematic review of post-operative care of rotator cuff repairs did not find sufficient evidence to determine the most effective dosing of physical therapy; however, the authors did conclude that cryotherapy (ice pack or continuous cryotherapy units) is effective at reducing pain, decreasing the need for medication, and improving the ability to perform therapeutic exercise.

K Ho et al. The effect of the push-up plus on shoulder muscle activation while using a sling with a pulley. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jun;29(6):1032-1035.

This study compared muscle activation of the pectoralis and serratus during different push-up exercises, including an exercise ball and suspension device,

V Lowry et al. Efficacy of workplace interventions for shoulder pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Rehabil Med. 2017 Jun 29. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2236. [Epub ahead of print]

This meta-analysis included studies using TheraBand resistance; the authors found some evidence that workplace exercise programs may help reduce shoulder pain.

M Mullaney et al. EMG of shoulder muscles during reactive isometric elastic resistance exercises. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Jun;12(3):417-424.

This study quantified muscle activation during a novel shoulder reactive isometric exercise with TheraBand elastic bands; shoulder muscle activation was related to the band resistance level and percent elongation.

L Watson et al. A comprehensive rehabilitation program for posterior instability of the shoulder. J Hand Ther. 2017 Apr – Jun;30(2):182-192.

This article provides a review and recommendations for posterior shoulder instability rehabilitation, including TheraBand resistance

L Watson et al. The treatment of multidirectional instability of the shoulder with a rehabilitation program: Part 1. Shoulder Elbow. 2016 Oct;8(4):271-8.

This 2-part paper includes a clinical protocol for a RTC of shoulder multi-directional instability includes TheraBand resistance and exercise balls

Y Yeun. Effectiveness of massage therapy for shoulder pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 May;29(5):936-940.

The author of this meta-analysis found massage therapy effective for shoulder pain.

W Yoo et al. Effects of pulling direction on upper trapezius and rhomboid muscle activity. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jun;29(6):1043-1044.

In this EMG study, the authors suggested that TheraBand scapular exercise was best performed at 120° of shoulder flexion to activate the rhomboid muscle while minimizing the upper trapezius.

Hand Therapy

M Bryant et al. Feasibility study: Effect of hand resistance exercise on handwriting in Parkinson’s disease and essential tremor.  J Hand Ther. 2017 Apr 4. pii: S0894-1130(17)30006-6.

This feasibility study examined the use of hand putty in 9 patients with Parksinsons Disease and 9 with essential tremor. The authors reported small gains in grip strength, but no change in handwriting.

H Espinoza et al. Supervised physical therapy vs home exercise program for patients with distal radius fracture: A single-blind randomized clinical study. J Hand Ther. 2017 Mar 22. pii: S0894-1130(17)30029-7. Article in press.

Compared to a home exercise program, a supervised physical therapy program including resistance band exercise was more effective at improving function for patients over 60 years old with distal radius fractures.

J Vinstrup et al. Hand strengthening exercises in chronic stroke patients: Dose-response evaluation using electromyography. J Hand Ther. 2017 May 17. pii: S0894-1130(17)30008-X.

Finger flexion exercise with TheraBand hand exerciser produces moderate activation of the wrist flexors & extensors in the weak hand of chronic stroke patients, regardless of the resistance level; however, the TheraBand Hand X-Trainer was not effective at activating the paretic extensors.

Neck/Back Rehabilitation

Q Feng et al. The effect of a corrective functional exercise program on postural thoracic kyphosis in teenagers: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2017 Jun. Ahead of print.

In a large RCT, researchers in China reported that a specific exercise program using exercise balls and elastic bands that targeted postural correction was more effective than a standard exercise program at improving thoracic posture and ROM over 8 weeks.

M Murray et al. Self-administered physical exercise training as treatment of neck and shoulder pain among military helicopter pilots and crew: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Apr 7;18(1):147.

A 20-week exercise program including TheraBand elastic bands did not have an effect on neck pain in military helicopter pilots or crew members in Denmark; however, adherence was very low.

S Schreiber et al. Schroth Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis-Specific Exercises Added to the Standard of Care Lead to Better Cobb Angle Outcomes in Adolescents with A Idiopathic Scoliosis – an Assessor and Statistician Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. PLOS, 2016 Dec;1-17.

This RCT evaluated a 6-month specialized exercise program (Schroth Therapy) for children with scoliosis using exercise balls and elastic bands; when added to standard care, children receiving Schroth Therapy had more improvement in spinal curves compared to those receiving standard care alone.

Sports Rehabilitation and Performance

J Capin et al. On-Ice Return-to-Hockey Progression After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 May;47(5):324-333.

This paper describes a rehab progression for hockey players after ACL reconstruction that includes exercise balls.

M Chaouachi et al. Within Session Sequence of Balance and Plyometric Exercises Does Not Affect Training Adaptations with Youth Soccer Athletes. J Sports Sci Med. 2017 Mar; 16(1): 125–136.

An 8-week training program for young soccer players including exercise balls and stability trainers improved performance outcomes.

M Driller et al. The effects of tissue flossing on ankle range of motion and jump performance. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 May;25:20-24.

Elastic band “flossing” wrapped around the ankle improved ROM and jump performance in recreational athletes.

G Hueber et al. Prophylactic Bracing Has No Effect on Lower Extremity Alignment or Functional Performance. Int J Sports Med. 38(8):637-43.

Ankle bracing did not affect lower extremity alignment during hop or jump down tasks.

V Iversen et al. Multiple-joint exercises using elastic resistance bands vs. conventional resistance-training equipment: A cross-over study. Eur Journal of Sport Sci. 2017.

Thigh and hip muscle activation was compared between isotonic resistance (barbell and pulley) and TheraBand elastic resistance during 4 multijoint exercises. The researchers concluded that elastic resistance band exercises are feasible for the lat pull down and unilateral row exercises, but not for stiff legged deadlifts or squats.

D Janusevicius et al. Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance. J Sports Sci Med. 2017 Jun 1;16(2):239-246.

This study compared traditional heavy, slow isotonic resistance training to high velocity TheraBand-resisted hamstring strengthening over 5 weeks; the researchers found TheraBand training was superior to isotonic training for strengthening at high speeds, which may transfer to strength performance.

N Mascarin et al. The effects of preventive rubber band training on shoulder joint imbalance and throwing performance in handball players: A randomized and prospective study. J Bodywork Movement Ther. 2017;1-7. (Ahead of Print).

In this RCT, handball players with shoulder muscle imbalance improved their strength and muscular balance after a 6-week exercise program using only 2 TheraBand exercises; however, velocity was not affected.

G Mohney et al. Strengthening the Figure Skater: Considerations for Injury Prevention and Performance. Strength Conditioning Journal, 2017 June;39(3):58-65.

This article describes a strengthening program for figure skaters, including the use of elastic resistance.

A Piras et al. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Compression Garments on Autonomic Nervous System Recovery After Exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Jun;31(6):1636-1643.

A whole-body compression garment worn after intense exercise in young male swimmers was found to be beneficial for recovery of the autonomic system (cardiovascular parameters) compared to no garment conditions.

J Stanek et al. The Effectiveness of Compression Socks for Athletic Performance and Recovery. J Sport Rehabil. 2017 Jan;26(1):109-114.

The evidence remains inconclusive regarding the benefit of graduated compression socks for athletic performance and recovery. While there is a trend in the research suggesting no physiological effect, some studies have shown improvements in performance while others have not.

A Zuccolotto et al. Effects of resistance training with elastic resistance on performance of the hip flexion of ballet dancers. Rev Bras Educ Fis Esporte. 2017;30(4):903-11.

In this RCT, a 6-week program of hip strengthening with TheraBand resistance bands significantly increased hip flexor strength in ballet dancers by 38%.

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